Which USDA gardening zone am I in?
The USDA has set up an essential guide for gardeners which helps them determine if their plants or fruit trees will grow in their climate. This helps a gardener choose whether they want to go through the trouble of planting a rare plant species in their region, whether outdoors, in a pot or a greenhouse. There are many fig tree varieties and some grow better in certain areas than others. The USDA zones range from 1a-13b and in the Northeast USA, you will find a range from 3b-7b.
Fig trees in general can grow very easily without much care in zones 5 and above. This resource at plantlust.com indicates that Brown Turkey fig trees grow best in zones from 6a-9b.
This blog features steps on how to grow a Brown Turkey fig tree in zone 7a. It is recommended that anyone living in 4 and lower should grow their fig trees in pots or in a greenhouse and be protected from Winter temperatures that dip below 20 degrees F.
Determine which zone you live in
Here is a Zone Map